Cross-border commuters are a major part of Liechtenstein. Around 53% of the country's employees commute daily from the border region to their place of work in the Principality. Depending on their nationality, commuters need either a permit, a confirmation document or nothing at all.
Cross-border commuters, e.g. employees who work in Liechtenstein but live outside the Principality, are divided into three categories: Swiss citizens, EEA citizens and citizens of other countries. Most cross-border commuters travel to Liechtenstein to go to work and return home at the end of the working day.
Carers as well as bar and restaurant workers who are provided with a room as part of their employment contract are not obliged to return to their place of residence every day. However, these persons must return to their place of residence in the EEA or Switzerland at least once a week.
Swiss citizens working in Liechtenstein require no permit. They do not have to register with the police and the employer does not have to register them either.
EEA citizens who work in Liechenstein must be registered with the authorities. The employer must register new EEA workers with the Migration and Passport Office within ten days of them starting work. Employees then receive confirmation of their status as a cross-border commuter. All citizens of countries belonging to the European Economic Area are EEA citizens. Click here for more information about the EEA and its member states.
Citizens of other countries require a cross-border commuter permit before starting work in Liechtenstein. This permit is issued for one year and is only approved by the Migration and Passport Office if certain conditions are met. One of these conditions it was impossible to find a worker not requiring a cross-border commuter permit. The application must be submitted to the Migration and Passport Office at least 14 days before the first day at work. Applicants can only start working in Liechtenstein once they have been granted a cross-border commuter permit.