Foreign nationals wishing to live in Liechtenstein require a residence pemit. A total of 89 such residence permits are granted by the government each year to citizens of EEA states and Swiss nationals. In special cases residence permits can be awarded to citizens of other countries.
There are two different kinds of residence permit that can be awarded. One permit allows residence for work purposes. The other permit allows residence without the permit holder having to work in Liechtenstein.
There are 72 residence permits granted to EEA citizens each year: 56 to persons working in Liechtenstein and 16 to persons not working in Liechtenstein. Half of the permits are awarded using a lottery, with the other half awarded directly by the government. Tighter restrictions apply to Swiss citizens. There are only 17 residence permits awarded each year to Swiss nationals: twelve to persons working in Liechtenstein and five to persons not working in Liechtenstein. All of these permits are awarded by the government.
Citizens of other countries must be a manager, specialist or qualified worker with a complete apprenticeship or many years of working experience in order to receive a residence permit.
A residence permit gives the holder the right to stay in Liechtenstein for up to five years. After the end of this period, permit holders and their family members can apply for a permanent residence permit or a settlement permit.