If a legal entity (company limited by shares (AG), company with limited liability (GmbH) and Establishments) applies for a business licence, such legal entity must appoint a managing director/general manager. The requirements in respect of the managing director/general manager are as follows:
- Actual activity
The managing director of a legal entity must actually lead the business. He must operate in particular with a workload corresponding to the requirements of the company. As evidence, a contract of employment of the managing director or confirmation of the degree of employment must be submitted.
Any and all persons holding a passport of an EEA/EFTA country are allowed to apply for a business licence in Liechtenstein. Any nationals of a third country such as the United States of America or Russia must have been resident in Liechtenstein for a continuous period of at least 12 years in order to be allowed to apply for a business licence.
- Required qualifications
Proof of the qualification must be provided by means of diplomas and similar certificates when the legal entity is a “qualified trade“.
- Proof of a domestic permanent establishment
The permanent establishment located in Liechtenstein of the enterprise to be formed must be suitable for carrying out the trade involved. If the premises are leased, a lease and a floor plan must be filed. If the real property is owned, an extract from the land register and the relevant floor plan must be submitted.
Furthermore the following document have to be provided:
- Passport copy
- Extract from the judicial records, not older than three months
- Extract from the register of pledges
- Identity card or passport copy or document for foreign nationals
The following applies to persons living in Switzerland, Austria or Germany:
A certificate of good conduct (Führungszeugnis) which corresponds to an extract from the judicial records can be obtained from the Federal Office of Justice (Bundesjustizamt). An extract from the debt collection register (Betreibungsregisterauszug) which corresponds to an extract from the register of pledges can be obtained from the competent local court (Amtsgericht) and the original copy thereof must be filed. A report from the German central credit-reporting agency (Schufa) will not suffice.
A criminal record certificate (Strafregisterbescheinigung) must be obtained from the competent agency. An extract from the register of executions which corresponds to the extract from the register of pledges can be obtained from the competent district court.
An extract from the judicial records (Strafregisterauszug) can be obtained from the federal office of justice. The extract from the debt collection register which corresponds to the extract from the register of pledges can be obtained from the regional debt collection office (Betreibungsamt).
Special cases with regard to business licences
These general rules do not apply to certain professions because they require a licence subject to another special law. This applies to the following industries:
- The financial services industry
- The staffing industry
- The construction industry
- The road builders industry
- The interpreting industry
- Health professionals
- Veterinarians / veterinary health professionals